LoraWAN -Based Smart IoT Application
LoRa networks and devices enable smart IoT applications that solve some of the biggest problems that our planet is facing: natural resource reduction, energy management, infrastructure efficiency, pollution control, disaster prevention, etc. LoRaWAN supports an impressive set of IoT applications and multiple vertical markets.
LoRaWAN has a star topology, which means each node needs to communicate directly with a gateway. LoRaWAN offers a very low cost and efficient solution for sensor-based applications. LoRaWAN is well suited for simple sensing applications, where sensors are battery powered and have slow poll rates (data update rate) in the range of a few times per day and at to 2-5 minute intervals.
The big advantages of LoRaWAN is low cost for long range, which provides ‘bang for buck’ in battery powered sensing applications. There is also a large open-source community behind the technology and free gateways for nodes to connect to with community driven networks (such as The Things Network), which is good for developers and communities. The star topology is simple to implement and allows for long battery life when polling rates are modest. So, if you are looking for a cheap and cheerful battery powered sensing project, where no real-time, control or automation requirements are anticipated and slower poll-rates are suitable, then LoRaWAN is a good contender and is a good choice for many entry-level sensing applications.
How does IoT work?
An IoT ecosystem is made up of web-enabled smart devices that acquire, send, and act on data from their surroundings using embedded systems such as CPUs, sensors, and communication hardware. By connecting to an IoT gateway or other edge device, IoT devices can share sensor data, which can subsequently be forwarded to the cloud for analysis or examined locally. These gadgets may communicate with one another and act on the information they receive from time to time. People can engage with the devices to set them up, give them instructions, and retrieve data, but the gadgets handle the majority of the work.
The IoT applications that are installed decide the connectivity, networking, and communication protocols that these web-enabled devices use.
IoT can also make data collection processes easier and more dynamic by utilizing artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning.
There are a number of new IoT standards on the horizon, including the following:
Long Range Wide Area Network (LoRaWAN) is a wide-area network (WAN) protocol intended for huge networks with millions of low-power devices, such as smart cities.
ZigBee is a low-power, low-data-rate wireless network used mostly in industrial settings.
LiteOS is an operating system (OS) for wireless sensor networks that is based on the Unix operating system. LiteOS supports smartphones, wearables, intelligent manufacturing applications, smart homes, and the internet of automobiles (IoV). The OS also functions as a smart device development platform.
Lorawan vs BLE Bluetooth
Objective of BLE is usually for the smaller scale of IoT applications that needs devices to send small amounts of information using the minimum possible amount of energy, Where lorawan technology uses an expanded spectrum modulation. It is a wireless protocol, whose objective is long-range and low-power networks. It is quite useful for IoT as low-power is its most important feature.
LoRa wireless networking has a number of advantages over Bluetooth and Zigbee, the most notable of which being its incredibly low power consumption and long range capabilities. Zigbee and Bluetooth aren't even close to LoRa in terms of battery life. The battery life of LoRa devices can be up to ten years, compared to one year on average for Zigbee and Bluetooth devices. LoRa can communicate wirelessly with a common gateway for up to 15 kilometres, but its competitors can only connect for a few feet.
In classic LoRaWAN network some end - devices are connected with gateways (concentrators) that send all the information to a server, which sends data to a final user application using an API. The Things Network (TTN) is a LoRaWan public network kernel based on crowd-sourced infrastructure that spans the globe. Nowadays, hundreds of users, who work with LoRaWAN networks, use this platform due to it is quite easy to use.
LoRaWAN Gateways are the link between the data source – environmental sensors – and people. They are a critical component in the chain that offers better visibility, cost reduction, resource input reduction, increased safety, and better decision making for the Internet of Things.
Low Power Wide Area Network (LPWAN) antennas, commonly known as Long-range communications at wavelengths less than 1 GHz are achieved with LoRa antennas, which employ advanced signal processing. For any kind of wireless transmission, Lorawan included, there is a transmitter and a receiver. When Device A wishes to communicate with Device B, it will convert the data it wants to send into a radio wave, which the transmitter then emits outwards. The receiver on Device B then receives this radio wave and demodulates it into data that an on-board computer can understand.
During the transmission and reception operation, a LoRa antenna collaborates closely with the transmitter and receiver. In transmission, the transmitter supplies an electrical signal to the antenna, which then emits the signal as radio waves. During reception, on the other hand, an antenna intercepts some power from a radio wave, which is amplified by the receiver.
LoRaWAN sensors may be used to monitor environmental parameters such as air quality, light, water, and temperature, and are ideal for a variety of applications including smart cities and rural settings. Here are some common LoRaWAN sensors:
Energy IoT Sensors
Water IoT Sensors
Environmental IoT Sensors
Vibration/Movement IoT Sensors
Parking Management Sensors
Light Monitoring Sensors
Analogue & Digital Input Sensors
LoRaWAN Based Smart IoT Application
LoRaWAN supports a huge set of IoT applications that are applicable to a huge form of vertical markets. Check them out.
Smart Supply-chain Management
IoT Retail Shops
LoRaWAN Application-Network Solutions in the following Vertical Markets
Smart Cities & Buildings
LoRaWAN based Smart Agriculture IoT Solutions
LoRa Technology’s long-range, low-power wireless qualities enable the use of low cost sensors to send data from the farm to the Cloud where it can be analyzed to improve operations. As a traditional industry, agriculture is comparatively less digitized than most other pillar industries. Despite this, did you know that environmental factors such as temperature, humidity, light and atmospheric composition play critical roles in poultry in farming? Because of this, LoRaWAN brings value to the equation with a network of environmental sensors to monitor farm conditions.
Intelligent Agriculture: Smart Poultry Farming
As a traditional industry, agriculture is comparatively less digitised than most other pillar industries. Despite this, did you know that environmental factors such as temperature, humidity, light and atmospheric composition play critical roles in poultry in farming? Because of this, LoRaWAN IoT brings value to the equation with a network of environmental sensors to monitor farm conditions.
LoRaWAN based Smart form asset management
Because of the large area over which the asset must travel, IoT solutions for asset management can be costly or hard to adopt, but a reliable asset tracking system can be constructed by integrating cost-effective, low-power, and secure wireless communication with a standardized infrastructure.
LoRa is a multi-technology geolocation solution that enables supply chain and logistics experts drastically cut the cost of their IoT asset tracking and monitoring systems while also reducing design complexity. The transceiver uses GNSS for outdoor tracking and Wi-Fi passive scanning for indoor tracking, allowing for continuous indoor-outdoor tracking on a single chip.
LoRaWAN for Soil Health testing
Using soil monitoring with LoRaWAN technology, farmers and producers may increase production, eliminate disease, and optimize resources by embracing technology. Soil temperature, NPK, volumetric water content, photosynthetic radiation, soil water potential, and soil oxygen levels can all be detected with IoT sensors. Data from IoT sensors is then transferred to a central location through LoRaWAN devices for analysis, visualization, and trend analysis. The information gathered can subsequently be utilized to increase crop yield and quality by optimizing agricultural operations, identifying patterns, and making minor adjustments.
LoRaWAN for Irrigation Control
Many worldwide agricultural concerns, such as enhancing team productivity, monitoring results, interacting with other teams and sub-units, and managing market trends, can be solved using smart agriculture through LoRaWAN technology. Agriculture and irrigation procedures are highly dependent on the type of crop and the surrounding environment, and they necessitate meticulous control. For some years, farmers have prioritized the use of IoT in irrigation and other smart technologies for watering control. IoT sensors can provide real-time reports on even the tiniest changes in moisture and weather, Data from IoT sensors is then transferred to a central location through LoRaWAN devices for analysis allowing the irrigation plan to be adjusted.
LoRaWAN devices for Environment Monitoring
By linking sensors and gathering all data on a smartphone or laptop, the LoRaWAN devices makes monitoring more accessible. Drones can provide further aid by monitoring huge fields from afar and determining which sections require on-demand watering.
LoRaWAN technology for Cattle Monitoring
New technical discoveries are crucial in aiding the improvement of agricultural product quality and quantity. At this moment, the Internet of Things (IoT) and LoRaWAN technology enters the picture. Farmers can use monitoring and data-driven decision-making to improve the health of their cattle. Here are a few examples of how LoRaWAN technology can be used to monitor cattle:
Monitoring health levels
Monitoring reproductive cycle
Maximizing livestock livelihood
By using a livestock monitoring system, farmers can start reaping better productivity and cash.
Smart Cities & Buildings with LoRaWAN technology
Building automation has progressed far beyond HVAC and lighting management systems in recent years. While the concept of smart buildings has been around for a while, with the advent of the Internet of Things and a new generation of intelligent edge LoRaWAN devices, the term "smart" has taken on a whole new meaning in the context of building automation. In order to meet growing urbanization concerns, a smart city is a framework for developing, implementing, and promoting sustainable development projects. The majority of it is made up of information and communication technologies.
LoRaWAN technology to improve Waste Management:
By boosting energy efficiency, improving governance, and lowering costs, LoRaWAN technology waste management models can increase the standard of living and human well-being.
LoRaWAN technology for More Efficient Lighting
Lighting is affected by the LoRaWAN technology in a variety of ways. In businesses lighting could be adjusted by the time of day, occupancy, flow of traffic, task performed or even to kill bacteria. Other duties light could do is make facilities managers jobs easier this could be done with LoRaWAN sensors and connecting lights to the LoRaWAN technology to see how many hours of life remain on a light bulb before it needs to be replaced or what is causing a light to not dim. Lights connected to the LoRaWAN technology can also be a great tool for safety, guiding people to the nearest exits during fires or being connected to a security system where the lights start flickering on and off when an intruder breaks in. The LoRaWAN technology has endless opportunities for new products and uses.
LoRaWAN technology for Better Parking Management
With LoRaWAN technology, drivers can get available parking spots close to their destination by bringing a vacant or about-to-be vacant parking locator. As well as the distance from exit and entry points.
LoRaWAN technology for Stronger Safety & Security:
With so much on their plates, public safety personnel require all the assistance they can get when it comes to providing services to the public. LoRaWAN technology can help government authorities by providing critical information when they need it most. Data must be dependable and accessible, especially when it comes to inhabitants' safety, which is where a LoRaWAN network comes in.
Environment Monitoring with LoRaWAN technology
Environmental monitoring employs the LoRaWAN technology in a variety of ways, including environmental protection, extreme weather monitoring, water safety, endangered species protection, commercial farming, and more. LoRaWAN Sensors detect and measure any form of environmental change in these applications.
IoT trends in the utilities industry
Utilities were among the first to embrace the Internet of Things (IoT), with smart metering at the forefront of that growth, supporting utility firms in optimizing energy distribution while also giving customers with actionable insights to improve energy efficiency. While utility meters have long existed, sensors are what make them "smart," enabling for improved meter administration, data collecting, analysis, and cloud transfer. Some of the most typical application scenarios are as follows:
Utility metering, monitoring and management
Water flow and leakage monitoring
Gas & Electricity metering
Tank level monitoring
LoRaWAN - IoT for Smart Industry
Industry 4.0, Industrial Internet of Things, and smart manufacturing are all terms used to describe how the industrial world is developing. This Smart Industry trend is transforming the way factories and workplaces operate, making them safer, more efficient, more adaptable, and environmentally friendly.
LoRaWAN - Industrial IoT (Internet of Things) and Smart Factories
Smart factories have intelligent networking among themselves. They are equipped with various sensors, which enable communication between product and machine. This makes a highly automated and autonomous organization feasible. The systems act intelligently and constantly ensure that productivity and quality are improved. Mainly this is realized by a Cyber-Physical System. From the product itself, the required information is communicated to the digital factory. Based on this information, the individual production steps are controlled until the final result. Especially in the connection between the Internet of Things and the rapidly growing spread of 5G, many new possibilities for wireless communication within smart production are emerging. Another critical point in the interaction between the Internet of Things and the smart factory is predictive maintenance. The constant networking of devices with each other utilizing condition monitoring or predictive maintenance means that the devices are constantly monitored. Various sensors monitor the temperature, pressure, and acceleration of the machines.
LoRaWAN technology for Supply Chains
For every major industry, including retail, transportation, banking, healthcare, and energy, the LoRaWAN technology is a game-changing technology. The LoRaWAN technology reveals its full potential in supply chain operations. Tracking and monitoring are two of the most important aims for LoRaWAN implementation in supply chain management. The system can help warehouse and fleet managers keep track of their freight and inventory.
LoRaWAN - Internet of Things in Oil, Gas & Petrochemical Industry
In the oil and gas business, the Internet of Things (IoT) is a network of physical things that are connected to the Internet. Electronics, software, sensors, and network connectivity can be embedded in wearable gadgets, automobiles, equipment, buildings, and just about anything else. The capacity to send data without requiring human intervention allows previously unheard-of amounts of data to be captured and shared with other devices or via a central platform. Forward-thinking oil and gas companies are
LoRaWAN technology for Smart Logistics
Smart logistics solutions powered by the LoRaWAN technology enable the sector to track and manage vital products in real time. This can improves client service levels by streamlining field operations, reducing inefficiencies, and providing greater insights.
LoRaWAN enabled asset tracking has enormous potential. LoRaWAN technology asset tracking entails attaching LoRaWAN technology sensors to resources in order to track their movements. The sensors feature GPS chips, which work by communicating coordinates to central point via wireless network technology.
Fleet management IoT
In fleet management, the LoRaWAN technology allows fleet operators to automate a variety of activities including trip planning. These systems generate warnings and display messages that help passengers plan their routes and journeys based on information such as route, traffic, vehicle speed, and passenger number, among other things.
Intralogistics and IOT
IoT offers genuine value-added for intralogistics, delivering transparency, rapid responses and intelligence. It has the ability to significantly improve individual steps and entire processes, e.g. by means of:
Detailed monitoring, for example using RFID tags that allow parcels, pallets and products to be identified and tracked by means of electromagnetic fields, transmitting information to all devices with system access in real time.
Improved warehouse management where systems monitor and analyze themselves, allowing them to adapt their behavior.
Visibility via a central software solution that consolidates all data in real time and presents it in user-friendly form.
Enhanced route planning through enriched information and goods and vehicles equipped with GPS
Extended data use and greater precision for ERP systems, especially with regard to customer service, forecasting and maintenance.
The Internet of Things (IoT) continues to expand and spread across numerous industries, enabling a world that is always linked. SDSol is happy to collaborate with our clients on a wide range of forward-thinking IoT projects across domains, enabling them to take advantage of the most cutting-edge technology and achieve profitable growth.
SDSol's LoRaWAN Expertise
SDSol feels pride for positioning ourselves in incorporating technologies in metering sensors, DT and LoRaWAN. Our Bluetooth IoT expertise is expanding into the Research & Development of IoT applications using LoRaWAN. We serve the following services to our clients integrating the LPWA technologies and LoRaWAN.
We Track Assets
We Monitor Backflow Valves
Cold Chain monitoring
If you want to excel in your field with LoRaWAN or need any type of software solution for your business, simply let us know in the comments section below, and our specialist team will promptly get back to you.